·Provide a good role model — read yourself and read often to your child.
·Provide varied reading material — some for reading enjoyment and some with information about hobbies and interests. Interesting and relevant books.
·Encourage activities that require reading — for example, cooking (reading a recipe), constructing a kite (reading directions), or identifying an interesting bird's nest or a shell collected at the beach (using a reference book).
·Establish a reading time, even if it is only ten minutes a day.
·Establish one evening a week for reading (instead of television viewing).
·Encourage your child in all reading efforts- comics, magazines, newspapers, novels, poetry etc.
·Use pre-reading comprehension techniques. Before reading a book, have your child look at the cover and the inside pictures and predict what the story is about.
·Discuss what your child has read. Ask your child probing questions about the book and connect the events to his or her own life. Help your child go back to the text to support his or her answers.
·Help your child understand the “unspoken” ideas in what he has read; such as, inferences, the main idea of the story, and the differences between facts and opinions.
·Give your child many background experiences, such as visits to zoos and museums; and activities, such as cooking, shopping, and trips to other places, ordinary and not so ordinary. The more experiences a child has had, the more he can connect what he is reading to what he knows.
·Help your child practice figuring out the difference between facts and opinions. Which statements are facts and which are opinions?
·Discuss the “main idea” of the story- it is really important that your child can pick out the important points from what he has read
·Ask questions-Remind your child that good readers challenge what they’re reading by asking questions.